Meaning

Primary

Cold

Word Type

い adjective

Explanation

This is a single kanji with an on the end, meaning you know it's probably an adjective. What's the adjective form of cold? It's cold.

Reading

さむい
Kyoko
(Tokyo accent, female)
Kenichi
(Tokyo accent, male)

Explanation

Since this word consists of a kanji with hiragana attached, you can bet that it will use the kun'yomi reading which you learned with the kanji (Samurai (さむ)). Remember?

Context

Patterns of Use

  • 寒い〜
  • 〜は寒い

Common Word Combinations

  • 寒い所
    cold place
    寒い日
    cold day
    寒い冬
    cold winter
  • 今日は寒い
    today is cold
    外は寒い
    outside is cold
    冬は寒い
    winter is cold

Context Sentences

寒すぎてふとんから出られない。

It's too cold to get out of bed.

この寒い中、一時間もバスを待たなきゃならなかったんだよ。

I had to wait an hour in this cold for the bus.

僕がハワイに行くのは、寒さから逃れるためだけではなく家族に会うためでもあります。

I’m going to Hawaii not only to escape the cold, but to see my family.

Kanji Composition